Symptoms of food allergies
- Skin: Itchiness, rash, swelling.
- Eyes: itchiness, tearing, swelling, rash
- Nose: runny, sneezing, tingling, congestion
- Stomach-intestines: nausea, vomiting, cramps, diarrhea
- Throat: swelling, tightening, hoarseness, crying
- Lungs: coughing, difficulty breathing, wheezing
- Heart and circulation: palpitations
- Consciousness: fear of dying, dizziness, fainting
Tips to cope with food allergies
Check food labels
- Read the ingredients each time you use a product. Learn the key words (synonyms for allergens). Look for the warning sign : May contain
A registered dietician (RD) can help you and your child identify foods and ingredients to avoid, and develop an eating plan to ensure your child gets all the nutrients needed to grow and develop properly. For example, if your child is allergic to milk, the RD will recommend other calcium-containing foods and beverages.
Explain your child’s situation and needs clearly to your host or food server—and teach your child to do the same when you’re not with him. Some fast food restaurants provide a list of the ingredients in their menu items, as well as information on whether any of the eight major allergens are present.
Inform and involve the school staff
Meet with staff at your child’s school to review and distribute your child’s food allergy action plan. At minimum, involve your child’s primary teacher, the school nurse, and key food service staff.
Be ready for emergencies
Teach your child the possible symptoms of a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis), such as difficulty breathing or swallowing, or tingling in the hands, feet, lips or scalp. If they experience symptoms after eating a food, make sure they know to immediately call 9-1-1 (or an ambulance) and, if prescribed by your allergist, use their medication to treat the reaction. If possible, have your child wear a medical alert bracelet or necklace that identifies the specific allergy.